Inverted Index Compression and Query Processing with Optimized Document Ordering

Presented at: 18th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW2009)

by Hao Yan, Shuai Ding, Torsten Suel


Web search engines use highly optimized compression schemes to decrease inverted index size and improve query through- put, and many index compression techniques have been stud- ied in the literature. One approach taken by several recent studies [7, 23, 25, 6, 24] first performs a renumbering of the document IDs in the collection that groups similar documents together, and then applies standard compression techniques. It is known that this can significantly improve index com- pression compared to a random document ordering. We study index compression and query processing tech- niques for such reordered indexes. Previous work has focused on determining the best possible ordering of documents. In contrast, we assume that such an ordering is already given, and focus on how to optimize compression methods and query processing for this case. We perform an extensive study of compression techniques for document IDs and present new optimizations of existing techniques which can achieve signif- icant improvement in both compression and decompression performances. We also propose and evaluate techniques for compressing frequency values for this case. Finally, we study the effect of this approach on query processing performance. Our experiments show very significant improvements in in- dex size and query processing speed on the TREC GOV2 collection of 25.2 million web pages.

Keywords: Search

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